Summary of the communist manifesto. The Ten Planks of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

The Communist Manifesto: Summary and analysis

summary of the communist manifesto

One of Marx's primary intellectual influences was the work of G. At the time, it served as a political rallying cry for the communist movement in Europe. In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate gradations. The bourgeoisie, during its rule of scarce one hundred years, has created more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding generations together. In one word, for exploitation, veiled by religious and political illusions, naked, shameless, direct, brutal exploitation. The Marxist response to the criticism of abolishing countries is the following: a.

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The Communist Manifesto Introduction Summary & Analysis from LitCharts

summary of the communist manifesto

Marx, though, claimed a scientific, empirical status for his views, so he could rely on such abstract justifications. Before the bourgeoisie rose to prominence, society was organized according to a feudal order run by aristocratic landowners and corporate guilds. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture. Intellectually, Marx's work has profoundly influenced nearly every field of study from the humanities to the social sciences to the natural sciences. The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the labourers, due to competition, by their revolutionary combination, due to association.

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A Summary and History of Communist

summary of the communist manifesto

As for the German polices-spies, they created a particularly personal ordeal for the authors. History moves only in one direction and once the material and economic conditions of one historical epoch are present, one cannot return to past modes of production or, significantly, modes of social existence. It has created enormous cities, has greatly increased the urban population as compared with the rural, and has thus rescued a considerable part of the population from the idiocy of rural life. The above quote was an early conceptualization of revolutionary vanguards, the ones who lead the proletarian revolution. While we may often be seduced by the idea that forward is always better, one must provide a theoretical basis for this; change for change's sake is not always good. Liberation of women under communism might introduce free sexual relations, but that would be preferable to the hypocritical bourgeois institution of marriage. And the abolition of this state of things is called by the bourgeois, abolition of individuality and freedom! Once the former were patricians and the latter plebeians, recently they were lords and serfs.

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Communist Manifesto Chapter 3 Summary and Analysis

summary of the communist manifesto

Next, centralization of the means of communication and transport. The dominant ideas and what is defined as good or bad, free or unjust are all set by the ruling class. When workers are ruling on a global scale, war will become unnecessary and obsolete. Ironically, the grand Marxist vision had utopian elements too. Only the Marxist communists truly appreciate the historical movement in which the antagonism between the proletariat and bourgeois is the final act. One parent, the father, and sometimes both parents, have to work many hours while leaving the children alone or with someone else. Hegel's theory presents history as a process in which the world becomes conscious of itself as spirit.

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The Ten Planks of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

summary of the communist manifesto

To escape their surveillance, Marx considered emigrating to the United States. In doing this, they must treat the proletariat ever worse by minimizing their production costs while providing them the means to associate through politics. At the moment of revolution, then, they become reactionary, resisting the inevitable emancipation of the exploited masses for which they originally toiled. They all suffer from at least one of 3 problems: 1 They look to previous modes of social organization for a solution to present difficulties. The nation, whose founders included such individualists as Thomas Jefferson, George Mason, James Madison, John Adams and Patrick Henry, has gradually turned away from the principles of individual rights, limited constitutional government, private property, and free markets and instead we increasingly have embraced the failed ideas and nostrums of socialism and fascism. However, this revolution will be of a different character than all previous ones: previous revolutions simply reallocated property in favor of the new ruling class.

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Communist Manifesto Summary

summary of the communist manifesto

As the division of labor and the mechanization of industry increases‹necessary conditions of efficient production‹so does the drudgery of the proletariat's work. The Manifesto proclaims and demonstrates that societies were always divided into ruling and ruled classes. And though they predicted virtually everything which has since happened in capitalist countries, they predicted almost nothing of the things which occurred in communist ones. What sets them apart from the proletariat? The document is divided into four major parts; the third major part is further subdivided into smaller units. But every class struggle is a political struggle. The response to the bourgeois accusation that communists want to share women communally could be summed up in the following points: a. Law, morality and religion exist only to preserve the Old Society: The Revolution will review it all! As established by latter writings of Engels, Marx provided the dominant philosophy and performed the bulk of the writing.

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The Communist Manifesto: Summary & Analysis

summary of the communist manifesto

However, markets kept growing and demand kept increasing, and manufacture couldn't keep up. But even in the enormous body of work related to Marxism, The Manifesto is undoubtedly unique. At a young age, children are sent to work in dire circumstances to bring home some money. Others have aged just like a fine wine. In Marxist language, the superstructure laws, morality, religion, politics, aesthetics: in short, culture is always determined by the infrastructure the methods of economic production and exchange ; people's thoughts and behaviors are always determined by their social environments.

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