Composition of the Legislative Assemblies. The question rose of who could be an aggrieved party. The amendment was introduced and passed in the Lok Sabha on August 7, 1975 and again introduced and passed in the Rajya Sabha on August 8, 1975. Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes. The Constitution Seventy-first Amendment Act, 1992.
Power to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities. Date on which the Act came into force: 17-6-1995 Date of Assent 78. Provisions as to Judges of High Courts. Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy. Bommai vs Union Of India on 11 March, 1994 - Supreme Court of India State Of M. Among them, the following are related to environment.
Preamble and Repealed articles or parts are specially mentioned. Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum. Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language. Date on which the Act came into force: 1-8-1975 Date of Assent 39. Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters. Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-President.
On one hand, it gives directive to the State for the protection and improvement of environment and on the other, it casts duty on every citizen to help in the preservation of natural environment. Date on which the Act came into force: 27-5-1976 Date of Assent 41. Ancillary powers of Supreme Court. Date on which the Act came into force: 16-4-1990 Date of Assent 65. This is regressive and violative of the constitutional goals of rule of law and liberty.
Indian constitution, in this sense, is truly unique in having such provisions in its fold. Amendments to Articles 127, 128, 217, 222, 224A, 231. . On 25 th November 1949, a day before the Constitution was adopted by the Assembly, Mr. Procedure in Financial Matters Article 202.
Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to, directions given by the Union. Amend articles 123, 213, 239B, 352, 356, 359 and 360. Officers and servants and the expenses of High Courts. Conduct of Business Article 99. Annuls some Amendments enacted in Amendment Bill 42. The Constitution Seventy-eighth Amendment Act, 1995. Composition of the Legislative Councils.
The Constitution Eighteenth Amendment Act, 1966. Date on which the Act came into force: 24-12-1955 Date of Assent 6. The former, under Directive Principles of State Policy, makes it the responsibility of the State Government to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country. Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court. Extent of executive power of the Union. Date on which the Act came into force: 1-11-1956 as per s. Conduct of Business 188 Oath or affirmation by members.
Other provisions as to Ministers. The Supreme Court borrowed from international precedents, and from the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992, to introduce to Indian law, the concepts of sustainable development, of polluter pays, of precautionary principle. Supplementary, additional or excess grants. Provisions as to Judges of the Federal Court and proceedings pending in the Federal Court or before His Majesty in Council. Special provision with respect to the State of Assam. Directive Principles are classified under the following categories economic and socialistic, political and administrative, justice and legal, environmental, protection of monuments and peace and security. There is also lack of proper, effective and timely enforcement of even orders passed by courts.
Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union. In India, environment was hailed highly in the ancient and medieval eras but till 1976 there were no major legislations relating to environmental protection. Powers, privileges and immunities of State Legislatures and their Members 194 Powers, privileges, etc. The Constitution Forty-fifth Amendment Act, 1980. Continuance of existing laws and Municipalities.