The --edit or -e option is still useful if you are giving a draft message with the -m option from the command line and want to edit it in the editor. The default is level 2. This setting has no effect if rename detection is turned off. Use this when the branches to be merged have diverged wildly. Level 5 and above outputs debugging information. When set to only, only such fast-forward merges are allowed equivalent to giving the --ff-only option from the command line.
Often the current branch head is an ancestor of the named commit. Additionally, if the tag is signed, the signature check is reported as a comment in the message template. Git will mark the conflicts in the working tree. When there is more than one common ancestor that can be used for 3-way merge, it creates a merged tree of the common ancestors and uses that as the reference tree for the 3-way merge. Instead, the specified path is prefixed or stripped from the beginning to make the shape of two trees to match. It is meant to be used to supersede old development history of side branches. With -n or --no-stat do not show a diffstat at the end of the merge.
With --no-log do not list one-line descriptions from the actual commits being merged. With --no-squash perform the merge and commit the result. This has been reported to result in fewer merge conflicts without causing mismerges by tests done on actual merge commits taken from Linux 2. In such a repository, Git can convert the data recorded in commits to a canonical form before performing a merge to reduce unnecessary conflicts. Any other value is treated as a custom merge tool and requires that a corresponding mergetool.
As that is a very rare occasion, no configuration variable to enable this by default exists and will not be added. This should not be confused with the ours merge strategy, which does not even look at what the other tree contains at all. In particular, the local modifications you had before you started merge will stay the same and the index entries for them stay as they were, i. If --log is specified, a shortlog of the commits being merged will be appended to the specified message. This option can be used to override --squash. Level 1 outputs only conflicts, 2 outputs conflicts and file changes. This is the default merge strategy when pulling or merging more than one branch.
Therefore: With --no-commit perform the merge but pretend the merge failed and do not autocommit, to give the user a chance to inspect and further tweak the merge result before committing. The merge algorithm therefore considers the reverted change as no change at all, and substitutes the changed version instead. This option is meant to be used when merging branches with different clean filters or end-of-line normalization rules. Level 0 outputs nothing except a final error message if conflicts were detected. The list below shows the valid built-in values. If there is no -s option, a built-in list of strategies is used instead git merge-recursive when merging a single head, git merge-octopus otherwise.
The list below shows the valid built-in values. Any other value is treated as a custom merge tool and requires that a corresponding mergetool. This is the default behavior. Use git commit or git merge --continue to seal the deal. The values of the branch. You can sometimes come up with a better resolution by viewing the original. It occurs because only the heads and the merge base are considered when performing a merge, not the individual commits.
With the strategies that use 3-way merge including the default, recursive , if a change is made on both branches, but later reverted on one of the branches, that change will be present in the merged result; some people find this behavior confusing. This is the most common case especially when invoked from git pull: you are tracking an upstream repository, you have committed no local changes, and now you want to update to a newer upstream revision. Instead, the tip of the current branch is fast-forwarded. During a merge, the working tree files are updated to reflect the result of the merge. It discards everything the other tree did, declaring our history contains all that happened in it.
Defaults to the value of diff. It is primarily meant to be used for bundling topic branch heads together. This adjustment is also done to the common ancestor tree. Older scripts may depend on the historical behaviour of not allowing the user to edit the merge log message. When merging an annotated and possibly signed tag, Git always creates a merge commit even if a fast-forward merge is possible, and the commit message template is prepared with the tag message. The meaning of a signoff depends on the project, but it typically certifies that committer has the rights to submit this work under the same license and agrees to a Developer Certificate of Origin see for more information. When both sides made changes to the same area, however, Git cannot randomly pick one side over the other, and asks you to resolve it by leaving what both sides did to that area.
You can tell that the original just stated a fact, and your side simply gave in to that statement and gave up, while the other side tried to have a more positive attitude. If the tip commit of the side branch is not signed with a valid key, the merge is aborted. When merging trees A and B, if B corresponds to a subtree of A, B is first adjusted to match the tree structure of A, instead of reading the trees at the same level. The keyid argument is optional and defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be stuck to the option without a space. Note that not all merge strategies may support progress reporting. This is the default merge strategy when pulling or merging one branch. See also -b, -w, --ignore-space-at-eol, and --ignore-cr-at-eol.