What was the french and indian war. The French and Indian War

French & Indian War · George Washington's Mount Vernon

what was the french and indian war

French forces and their native allies proved too powerful. The officers were often promoted. Britain was awarded a significant amount of land in North America including all French territory east of the Mississippi River, as well as Spanish Florida, but Britain also had to return Cuba to Spain. However, Braddock was killed and the British defeated in a surprise assault by the French and their Native American allies near the fort. The war ended in the colonies in 1713, with France giving territory to Britain in exchange for keeping some territory. French major Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal realized the potential of having Indian allies.

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French and Indian Wars

what was the french and indian war

William Pitt allotted more resources to the British in North America. Great Britain going to war with France caused them to accumulate a lot of 1183 Words 5 Pages 1773 Britain defeated France in the French and Indian war. Washington was unsuccessful in obtaining a royal commission, but Shirley did issue a decree that officers in the Virginia militia would outrank British officers of lower rank. The Virginians even dropped their claims to the land in southwestern Pennsylvania, though the land claims already established by Virginia colonists were confirmed by the Pennsylvanians. British colonials on the Pennsylvania frontier panicked and began directing a stream of letters to Philadelphia, as well as to one another, recording the terror that swept through Cumberland and western York counties like a wildfire, and urging their provincial leaders to send soldiers and to build forts. In May 1758, about 650 southern Indians had gathered at Winchester, Va. All trademarks are property of their respective trademark owners.

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SparkNotes: The French and Indian War (1754

what was the french and indian war

France considering the Ohio River Valley a part of the colony of New France and Great Britain considering it a part of the colony of Virginia. During the savage fight, Washington had two horses shot out from underneath him and his coat was pierced by four musket balls. Clair was only a lieutenant colonel on loan from the Royal Americans — he was the man who fed, armed and clothed the army. These peoples sided with the British against the French and their allies during the French and Indian War. In 1613, Virginia colonists sailed north from Jamestown to destroy a French settlement on Mt. The British offered either North America only the parts east of the Mississippi or the Caribbean islands to the French. The French were more concerned with the Native American allies that accompanied Washington and Gist, and worked hard to shift the Native American loyalties to the French.

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French And Indian War

what was the french and indian war

The colonists had secretly been bringing in tea into the area from dutch, the tea was cheaper and not taxed, this helped many families in America. William Pitt took control of the British forces and decided to increase resources against France. However, as English settlement expanded into the trading backcountry that fed furs to Montreal and Quebec, competition for trade with Native American tribes increased. A few days later, he followed with the main body of the army, 4,300 effective men. Washington's interest in obtaining a royal commission became so strong that he traveled to Boston to meet with Governor William Shirley, who was the acting commander in chief after Gen. The war officially came to an end with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Celoron even told their chief that they must cease trading with the British but the chief simply ignored him.

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French And Indian War

what was the french and indian war

The following year the British gained control of Montreal and the French and Indian War was essentially over. During conjoint operations the provincial troops were subject to the very strict British. As the army inched closer to the Forks of the Ohio, Forbes and Bouquet desperately required concrete intelligence concerning exact distances to the fort, the extent and state of its fortifications, the morale of its garrison, and the number of Shawnees and Delawares encamped about the stockade. The French meet with Indian leaders by Emile Louis Vernier Who fought in the French and Indian War? Swiss-born Henry Bouquet of the 60th Regiment of Foot the Royal Americans served as his second-in-command. The French and Indian War, a colonial extension of the Seven Years War that ravaged Europe from 1756 to 1763, was the bloodiest American war in the 18th century.

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French and Indian War Facts

what was the french and indian war

Facing defeat in North America and a tenuous position in Europe, the French Government attempted to engage the British in peace negotiations, but British Minister William Pitt the elder , Secretary for Southern Affairs, sought not only the French cession of Canada but also commercial concessions that the French Government found unacceptable. He called a council of Indian tribes at Ft. He arrived with a party of six to inform the French general to get off British land. The English did ultimately come to dominate the colonial outposts, but at a cost so staggering that the resulting debt nearly destroyed the English government. The belligerents strove in general to control the major transportation and trade routes, not just the sea routes that connected the colonies with the mother country, or the land routes that existed between the different colonies, but also the major fur trade routes leading to the interior of North America.

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